Read the following text and complete the exercises.
1(…) What’s the future of personal transportation? Well, you’ll likely be spending a lot less time
behind the wheel, for one. The rise of self-driving cars means that some scenes out of science-
fiction flicks (think Total Recall or I, Robot) are now reality—and even more will be available soon.
Cars today already include many semi-autonomous features, like assisted parking and self-
braking systems. And completely autonomous vehicles—able to operate without human control—
are rapidly becoming more of a reality.
2(…) The pros of autonomous cars are many. “The sensors in a self-driving car are always
observing, are not affected by the state of the driver (sleepy, angry, etc.), and can scan in multiple
directions simultaneously,” says Dr. Dominique Freckmann, an automotive engineering manager
at TE Connectivity, a global technology leader providing connectivity and sensor solutions that
are essential in today’s increasingly connected world. 3(…) “Autonomous driving is a key aspect of
the industry’s drive toward safer roadways.”
4(…) What technology makes self-driving cars possible? It’s really three technologies, Amici says:
sensors, connectivity, and software/control algorithms.
“Most of the sensors required for autonomous driving are available today and are used in
advanced safety features such as blind-spot monitoring, lane-keep assistance, and forward
collision warning,” he says. “Sensors for other features such as radar, ultrasonics, and
cameras provide the input necessary to navigate the car safely.”
Connectivity means cars have access to the latest traffic, weather, surface conditions,
construction, maps, adjacent cars, and road infrastructure, he says. 5(…) This data is used to
monitor a car’s surrounding operating environment to anticipate braking or avoid hazardous
Finally, software/control algorithms are needed to reliably capture the data from sensors and
connectivity and make decisions on steering, braking, speed, and route guidance. “By far the
most complex part of self-driving cars, the decision-making of the algorithms, must be able to
handle a multitude of simple and complex driving situations flawlessly,” Amici says. “The software
used to implement these algorithms must be robust and fault-tolerant.”
- Exercise 1
Put the sentences in the correct gaps in the text:
A The pros of autonomous cars are many.
B “Autonomous driving is a key aspect of the industry’s drive toward safer roadways.”
C What technology makes self-driving cars possible?
D This data is used to monitor a car’s surrounding operating environment to anticipate braking or
avoid hazardous conditions
E What’s the future of personal transportation?
- Exercise 2
- Sensors in a self-driving car, are affected by the state of the driver TRUE FALSE
- Nowadays there are only few sensors for autonomous cars TRUE FALSE
- We will wait a long time before completely autonomous vehicles become real. TRUE FALSE
- Cars will brake by themselves, depending on the traffic and surrounding cars. TRUE FALSE
- Exercise 3
Match the definitions with the highlited words in the text:
1.Sensor device detects other vehicles located to the driver’s side
2.Helps driver monitor the carriageway markings
3.Safety system designed to prevent or reduce the severity of a
4.Sound waves used in many sensors
5.Conditions that are likely to cause death or serious personal injury
6.Destination oriented system, requires human driver to enter destination
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